Shoulder and Upper Arm

Shoulder problems can affect the conditioned athlete and the office worker with equal severity

Shoulder problems including pain, are one of the more common reasons for physician visits for musculoskeletal symptoms. The shoulder is the most movable joint in the body. However, it can be an unstable joint because of the range of motion allowed. This instability increases the likelihood of joint injury, often leading to a degenerative process in which tissues break down and no longer function well.


Shoulder and upper arm injuries or pain occur due to either:

  • •    Direct trauma to the ligaments, connective tissue, bursae, bones, joint capsules, tendons, muscles or      nerves of the shoulder complex
  • •    Overuse of these structures due to longstanding poor alignment or adverse biomechanics or
  • •    Referred pain from either the neck or upper back areas.

Common shoulder injuries include supraspinatus tendonitis, sub-acromial bursitis, biceps tendonitis, shoulder dislocations and subluxations, shoulder impingement, acromio-clavicular joint sprains and labral tears.


Your corporatephysio will provide you with a swift and accurate diagnosis and design an effective treatment program.

Treatment includes:

Manual therapy Joint mobilisations trigger point therapy, acupressure, and soft tissue release and massage if necessary.
Exercise therapy Following injury and repair, tight structures need to be lengthened, weak tissues strengthened and balance needs to be restored. An exercise program will be designed to specifically meet your needs.
Strapping/Supports Following a sudden injury it is sometimes imperative to support, strap or immobilise the affected area. Physiotherapy strapping techniques are effective in this instance.
Posture/Ergonomics Poor posture and adverse work ergonomics can put unnecessary strain on the structures that surround and support the joints. Advice on good posture and ergonomics is important. Prevention is better than the cure.
Specialist referral Referral to a shoulder specialist or for further tests if necessary.